Perhaps the most overarching insight from the IPCC report is that land use and climate stability are a delicate balancing act: Getting it right can reduce emissions while creating significant co-benefits; getting it wrong can fuel climate change while worsening food insecurity and environmental problems.
UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa said: “The next two years offer a crucial window of opportunity for all nations – as well as non-State actors – to capitalize on our current framework, build on our existing momentum and make the changes we desperately need.”
The United Nations is encouraging governments to ratify as soon as they can the amendments relating to the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the international emissions reduction treaty. Ratification of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol is a valuable part of the momentum for global climate action for the years leading up to 2020.
In September, world leaders gather at UN Headquarters in New York to signal how they will boost action to protect the planet and ensure the wellbeing of people, everywhere. Discussions and outcomes will seek to address climate change, accelerate progress on sustainable development and deliver results for people being left behind.
Bringing together leaders from governments, private sector, civil society and international organizations — stakeholders will engage in a series of crucial meetings aimed at securing healthy, peaceful and prosperous lives for all, through strong multilateral collaboration.
Now it seems, there's a growing consensus that the next 18 months will be critical in dealing with the global heating crisis, among other environmental challenges.
Last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported that to keep the rise in global temperatures below 1.5C this century , emissions of carbon dioxide would have to be cut by 45% by 2030.