Negotiations at COP24 in December 2018 in Katowice, Poland, concluded with a set of guidelines, colloquially called the Paris Rulebook, that outline how countries fulfill the obligations the Paris Agreement requires of them.
With this important task completed, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa then issued a clarion call to focus 2019 on "Ambition, Ambition, Ambition."
What does this focus on ambition mean for the June negotiations in Bonn, Germany?
A Strong Foundation for Higher Ambition
In September 2019, world leaders are expected to bring concrete plans for revising and enhancing their national climate commitments (called nationally determined contributions, or NDCs) to the UN Climate Action Summit the United Nations Secretary-General is convening in New York.