Biennial Update Reports on Climate Change

What is a BUR?

Biennial Update Reports on Climate Change

What is a BUR?


A BUR is a Biennial Update Report, or a report that is submitted every two years, to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by Parties that have ratified the Convention.

BURs are comprised of several major parts:

  • ​A greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory. This section lists all of the estimated emissions of different greenhouse gases in different sectors. The inventory also estimates how much carbon is sequestered, or stored, in forests and soils. This section also describes changes relative to the base year for measuring emissions (in Macedonia, the base year is 1990) and describes other trends over time.
  • Actions to mitigate GHG emissions. This section lists and describes steps that the country is taking to offset or reduce GHG emissions. It also uses the results of computer modeling to describe the impact of different policies and measures on emissions.
  • Gaps, Needs, and Resources received. This section reports gaps countries face in taking action against climate change; the institutional, technical, and financial resources they need to address them; and the financial resources they have received from multilateral organizations, financial institutions, and other donors and sources of financing.
  • Measurement, reporting, and verification. This section describes systems that countries are using or plan to use to report effectively on their emissions and on measures they are taking to combat climate change.

Countries also provide information on their national circumstances and on other climate change-related topics where they would like to report activities.

Second Biennial Update Report on Climate Change

First Biennial Update Report on Climate Change

Link to the documents and reports


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