(19.06.2019) Climate negotiators meet this week in Bonn, Germany to advance the International Paris Agreement on Climate Change. As part of the Bonn Conference, nine Non-Annex I Parties that have submitted a Biennial Update Report (BUR) and have a final summary report by 15 March 2019, today, shared their climate ambitions, views and experiences. The nine developing countries are Armenia, Brazil, Nigeria, Republic of Korea, South Africa, Thailand, The Republic of North Macedonia, Uruguay and Vietnam. Countries shared their achievements, innovative climate actions and experiences in identifying and overcoming their needs and challenges to implement those actions as well as acknowledging the support received through North-South and South-South cooperation in a process called the “Facilitative sharing of views” (FSV).
Ms. Teodora Obradovic Grncarovska, Macedonian UNFCCC Focal point, shared the Macedonian process for development of the Macedonian Second BUR, climate ambition and lessons learnt. Macedonian SBUR was prepared with financial and technical support from GEF and UNDP, and was submitted to UNFCCC in March 2018. It encompasses quite comprehensive assessments of the impact of ongoing, planned, and potential measures which are put in three different scenarios that the country can implement. The mitigation component of the Macedonian SBUR and the Action Plan form a solid “Annex I like” national policies that will create an enabling environment for a low-carbon, sustainable development in the country, while ensuring proper monitoring and reporting of the implementation progress.
Ms. Teodora Obradovikj Grncharovska, Macedonian UNFCCC Focal Point (left) and Ms. Verica Taseska Gjorgievska, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (right)
The momentum on ambition specifically can be underpinned and reinforced by progress on consolidating multiple climate change planning processes and international climate commitments into one single process (national strategic climate change documents), ensuring efficiency and alignment. On the other hand, navigating the various international climate change planning and reporting processes and linking these to domestic processes for sector-level decarbonization planning can be an enormous challenge. Ms. Grncarovska stressed “In our case, the SBUR had a significant role in promoting and harnessing links between Energy and Climate Change. When addressing holistically the five main dimensions of the Energy Union, laying down the pathway to achieve the agreed 2030 targets and gaining a perspective until 2050, it is evident that the current and future national Energy planning can capitalize on the capacities, participatory practice, experience, tools and knowledge base developed and utilized in the SBUR process. Having a pool of national experts and using wide participatory approach were one of the key deliberations that prove to be Macedonian recipe for success. Moreover, fostering a partnership between science and policy-making improved the quality of the information provided in the Second BUR and ensured validation of the proposed measures and actions, thus, increasing the probability of proper follow up actions by the responsible institutions in all sectors of interest for the BUR.”
The Technical analysis of the Macedonian Second BUR concludes that the reported information is transparent and mostly consistent with the UNFCCC reporting guidelines on BURs. The process identified 17 capacity-building needs that aims to facilitate reporting in accordance with the UNFCCC reporting guidelines on BURs. They are all incorporated within two new projects that are currently underway ”Macedonia’s Fourth National Communication and Third Biennial Update Report on Climate Change under the UNFCCC” and “Strengthening institutional and technical Macedonian capacities to enhance transparency in the framework of the Paris Agreement”.
Having in mind the call from the UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa to focus 2019 on "Ambition, Ambition, Ambition.", the Republic of North Macedonia shall invest all it’s efforts to increase its climate ambition through mainstreaming and integration of climate change consideration into sectorial development policies.
Link to the video broadcast.