Legal, strategic and institutional framework

and mainstreaming climate change into sectoral policies


Relevant information on the legal, strategic and institutional framework for climate change at the national level, international agreements that the country has adopted, as well as the integration of climate change in sectoral policies and national reporting

Legal Framework for climate change

The main legal basis for climate change policymaking in the Republic of North Macedonia currently is the:

  • Law on Environment (2005) (Official Gazette of the RM no. 53/05, 81/05, 24/07, 159/08, 83/09, 48/10, 124/10, 51/11, 123/12, 93/13, 187/13, 42/14, 44/15, 129/15, 192/15, 39/16)

    • where Article 187 refers to the National Plan for Climate Change mitigation, and Article 188 refers to the National Inventory of GHG Emissions. 

  • Law on Climate Action 

    • which is under development and is to be completed in 2020, is expected to fully transpose EU climate legislation, enabling low-carbon development and climate change resilience. 

Regarding the adjustment of the national legal framework for climate change to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Republic of North Macedonia has adopted the following laws:



Mainstreaming climate change in sectoral policies

Different aspects of climate change are integrated to varying degrees into sectoral laws on national level:


Strategic framework for climate change

The strategic framework for climate change at the national level includes strategic documents, national action plans and programs that contain aspects related to climate change:



International climate change agreements adopted

The country has joined and aligns its policies with relevant international climate change initiatives:


Although the Republic of North Macedonia is a non-Annex I country, it is also a candidate member state to the EU; therefore, it has to adhere to EU Climate and Energy policies which assume the obligations of the UNFCCC Annex I countries.

The country is also Contracting Party of the Energy Community, which is rapidly advancing the implementation of EU regulations for monitoring, reporting and verifying greenhouse gases and taking steps to tackle the climate crisis.

 


Institutional framework on climate change on national level

The Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MoEPP) is the institution responsible for climate change policymaking, and it is the nationally designated entity for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as well as the nationally designated entity for implementing the Kyoto Protocol.

Other ministries responsible for relevant climate change policymaking are:

Other relevant institutions and bodies with responsibilities regarding climate change:

  • The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs is responsible for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and is also the nationally designated entity for the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

  • The National Climate Change Committee has been set up by the Government, and is a comprehensive political platform that provides a high level of support for the development and implementation of climate change activities. It consists of representatives nominated by key stakeholders. from national institutions, academic institutions, the private sector and civil society, and climate change coordinators designated by ministries.

  • The Technical Group in the Sustainable Development Council, as well as other key stakeholders in the government and civil society, are also involved in the process of creating climate change-related policies.

National focal points for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change:

  • UNFCCC National Focal Point: Teodora Obradovic Grncarovska, State Adviser on Climate Change, Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning

  • UNFCCC National Gender and Climate Change Focal Point: Elena Grozdanova, Ministry of Labor and Social Policy

International institutions and donors providing financial and technical support for the reporting process:


Reporting to the Framework Convention on Climate Change

The process of preparation and submission of the National Communications and the Biennial Update Reports to the UNFCCC is led by the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning. To date, the Republic of North Macedonia has submitted the following communications and reports to the UNFCCC:


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