Relevant information on the legal, strategic and institutional framework for climate change at the national level, international agreements that the country has adopted, as well as the integration of climate change in sectoral policies and national reporting
Legal Framework for climate change
The main legal basis for climate change policymaking in the Republic of North Macedonia currently is the:
Law on Environment (2005) (Official Gazette of the RM no. 53/05, 81/05, 24/07, 159/08, 83/09, 48/10, 124/10, 51/11, 123/12, 93/13, 187/13, 42/14, 44/15, 129/15, 192/15, 39/16)
where Article 187 refers to the National Plan for Climate Change mitigation, and Article 188 refers to the National Inventory of GHG Emissions.
Based on the conclusions of the 59th Session of the Government of RSM for development of youth policies, a working group has been established to connect the "green" jobs with youth unemployment. Promotion of green jobs inserted in the Strategic Plan of the MoEPP for the period 2020-2022
Call for Action to strengthen respect for international humanitarian law and principled humanitarian action;
Paris Call for trust and security in the cyberspace;
International Partnership for information and Democracy;
Joint Position on Climate and Security;
Declaration by the Alliance for Multilateralism on Lethal Autonomous Weapons System (LAWS);
Gender at the Center Initiative Putting gender equality at the center of education sector planning.
Although the Republic of North Macedonia is a non-Annex I country, it is also a candidate member state to the EU; therefore, it has to adhere to EU Climate and Energy policies which assume the obligations of the UNFCCC Annex I countries.
The country is also Contracting Party of the Energy Community, which is rapidly advancing the implementation of EU regulations for monitoring, reporting and verifying greenhouse gases and taking steps to tackle the climate crisis.
Institutional framework on climate change on national level
The National Climate Change Committee has been set up by the Government, and is a comprehensive political platform that provides a high level of support for the development and implementation of climate change activities. It consists of representatives nominated by key stakeholders. from national institutions, academic institutions, the private sector and civil society, and climate change coordinators designated by ministries.
The Technical Group in the Sustainable Development Council, as well as other key stakeholders in the government and civil society, are also involved in the process of creating climate change-related policies.
National focal points for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change:
UNFCCC National Focal Point: Teodora Obradovic Grncarovska, State Adviser on Climate Change, Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
UNFCCC National Gender and Climate Change Focal Point: Elena Grozdanova, Ministry of Labor and Social Policy
International institutions and donors providing financial and technical support for the reporting process:
Reporting to the Framework Convention on Climate Change
The process of preparation and submission of the National Communications and the Biennial Update Reports to the UNFCCC is led by the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning. To date, the Republic of North Macedonia has submitted the following communications and reports to the UNFCCC: