Biennial Update Reports on Climate Change

What is a BUR?


A BUR is a Biennial Update Report, or a report that is submitted every two years, to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by Parties that have ratified the Convention.

BURs are comprised of several major parts:​

  • ​A greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory. This section lists all of the estimated emissions of different greenhouse gases in different sectors. The inventory also estimates how much carbon is sequestered, or stored, in forests and soils. This section also describes changes relative to the base year for measuring emissions (in Macedonia, the base year is 1990) and describes other trends over time.
  • Actions to mitigate GHG emissions. This section lists and describes steps that the country is taking to offset or reduce GHG emissions. It also uses the results of computer modelling to describe the impact of different policies and measures on emissions.
  • Gaps, Needs, and Resources received. This section reports gaps countries face in taking action against climate change; the institutional, technical, and financial resources they need to address them; and the financial resources they have received from multilateral organizations, financial institutions, and other donors and sources of financing.
  • Measurement, reporting, and verification. This section describes systems that countries are using or plan to use to report effectively on their emissions and on measures they are taking to combat climate change.
  • Countries also provide information on their national circumstances and on other climate change-related topics where they would like to report activities.

     Third Biennial Update Report on Climate Change 

    The Macedonian 3rd Biennial Update Report on Climate Change (3rd BUR) is compiled at the moment. It is expected to be adopted by the Government in the second half of the year. 

    Below are the sectoral reports serving as baseline for the Macedonian 3rd BUR:

            National Inventory greenhouse gases report

            National Road Transport Emission Inventory 2017-2018

            Climate Change Mitigation Report

            Guideline for Cross - sectoral prioritization of mitigation and adaptation measures 

          Case study - Industry sector: Private sector share in climate change mitigation efforts

            Case Study - Transport Sector: Assessment of the mitigation potential

            Case Study - Transport in the City of Skopje: Assessment of the mitigation potential and improving of the air quality 

         Case Study - Household heating in the City of Skopje: Assessment of the mitigation potential and improving of the air quality 

          Monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions - current overview

           Monitoring, verification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions (Annex IV)

            Analysis on Vulnerable Groups exposed to climate change impacts 

            Criteria for determination of climate finance  

            International and domestic climate change finances - Summary report (2018 – 2019)      

            Finance, technology and capacity building needs and support received     

            Climate change funding opportunities 

            UNFCCC TT Clear Mechanism - Summary Report   

         Rapid assessment report - Current status of the research, development, innovation and technology transfer related to climate change

            Finance, technology and capacity building needs and support received       

            Climate Change - Public awareness perception survey

            Climate transparency - Open Climate Data   

            Draft Action Plan for integrating gender aspects responsiveness  

            Strengthening the implementation of the Action Plan on Gender and Climate Change in Republic of North Macedonia 

            Recommendations for strengthening the implementation of the Action Plan on Gender and Climate Change

            Training manual - Gender equality and Climate Change

            Climate change and gender, country specific examples


     Second Biennial Update Report on Climate Change

       Additional documents:

          Your Guide to the Second Biennial Update Report on Climate Change
         Technical analysis summary report from UNFCCC

        National GHG Inventory Report

         Climate Change Mitigation Report

          Mapping of the Existing Relevant MRV Systems

        Perspectives after Paris- national requirements and synergies in climate change
               reporting towards UNFCCC and EU

          Constrains gaps and related technical and financial support needs

         Progress report - Climate Change Communication strategy and action plan
        Climate Change Communication Strategy and Action Plan

      First Biennial Update Report on Climate Change

       Additional documents:

              Technical analysis summary report from UNFCCC
               Short brochure
               Climate Change Mitigation
              Policy paper for determination of potential national GHG emission limitation
              Conceptual Framework for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV)
              National GHG inventory report
             Gender and Climate Change
             Climate change perception and awareness level
             Analysis from projects on climate change


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