Initially, the moderator of the webinar, Pavlina Zdraveva, gave introductory information about the experiences and challenges that different sectors have encountered so far in order to prioritize their actions, activities and projects. She explained that in many sectors relevant to climate policy adoption, prioritization has taken place, but the need for inter-sectoral prioritization has been evident, which explains the need and importance of the developed Methodology.
The methodology for the prioritization of climate action has been developed and was presented by Dr. Natasha Markovska, Chief Technical Advisor of the project and research associate at the Research Center for Energy and Sustainable Development (ICEOR) at MANU. The document presents a participatory methodology for prioritization of climate actions and review of different perspectives of stakeholders in terms of criteria to be considered, their level of importance and specific ranking in relation to a given criterion. The methodology presented was of a general nature - applicable to the prioritization of a given package of projects in any field: climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, or a combination of two or more areas - the cross-sectoral priorities. It was also pointed out that it can be applied to projects at local and national level. The end result is a priority list of projects generated in a participatory manner.
Dr. Markovska first spoke about the necessary analysis of stakeholders who would be involved in prioritizing certain projects and actions, as well as the importance of readiness, knowledge and skills of the potential moderator who would lead and facilitate the workshop on prioritization. Then, the process of participatory selection of criteria for prioritization and setting of values for by the stakeholders was presented, with special emphasis on the necessary use of the already existing specific criteria set by the funder of the projects / actions that are being prioritized.
The need for a simple and unencumbered process of prioritization for significant involvement of stakeholders was also highlighted. A proposal for the process of determining the weight factor that is needed in the process of prioritization was presented, as well as the need for and the manner of evaluation of the answers of the stakeholders.
The presentation was followed by a productive and interesting discussion and comments from the participants regarding the need for general knowledge, a certain degree of expertise and / or influence on decision makers by the stakeholders involved in the prioritization process. Dr. Markovska noted that the prioritisation workshop needs to be preceded by educational workshops: general and specific in the context of the state, local or sectoral needs, etc., depending on the level at which the prioritization is carried out. She also stressed out the importance of knowing the specific context in which prioritization is carried out, both by stakeholders and by the moderator, in the process of selecting prioritization criteria: “Criteria should be context-dependent. Undoubtedly, prioritization is preceded by education."
Proposals were made by the participants for a preparation of Guidelines for the use of the methodology by the institutions, and potential online tools for facilitating participatory decision-making and prioritization were noted.
The importance of involving a number of stakeholders in the process was emphasized: "the more stakeholders are part of the process, the better," said Dr. Markovska. "It is of utmost importance that there is a significant involvement of stakeholders who are most affected by the measures that are being prioritized."
The application of the prioritization methodology in the transport sector was also presented and discussed.
You can follow the entire webinar on this link (in Macedonian).