- Decarbonization of the energy sector and energy security
- Construction of energy efficient building and retrofitting of old buildings
- Innovative industry (mobilization of the industry for circular economy)
- Smart transport
- Ensuring environmentally safe food chains
- Preserving biodiversity and ecosystems
- Clean and non-toxic environment
The Green Deal itself calls for coherent approach and focus of the European policy on sustainable development or on the so called green financing.
This, in our circumstances, and in relation to climate change mitigation, would mean, prioritization of the policies for which there are scientific assessments that besides the positive impact on the economy they also have positive impact on the environment and climate change mitigation, or additionally have potential for generating green jobs.
The most recent report on the GHG emission reduction potential analyzes 47 measures and policies, out of which 31 measure in the energy sector, 11 in agriculture, forestry and change of land use and 4 in waste.
The MAC-marginal abatement curve for the WAM scenario (the scenario with additional measures) was determined for 2030 (as a target year) and it shows that the total abatement that can be achieved with the proposed measures is about 5,6 Tg CO2-eq. Seventy percent (70%) of the abatement can be achieved with the policies and measures "offered" which means that this measures reduce emissions with negative specific costs (the total cost for the implementation of the measures is lower compared to the costs of the WOM scenario (scenario without measures). Besides this, additional abatement of 20% could be achieved with measures which specific costs are about 0-5 € / t CO2-eq. It is also very important to underline that this is not the total GHG emission abatement that can be achieved, because there is another measure which is very important but its individual contribution cannot be assessed. This measure is the introduction of СО2 tax, which depends quite a lot on other measures (such as use of renewable sources of energy, energy efficiency, fuel replacement etc.) which are needed in order to replace CO2.
Such studies are needed, among other things also to provide guidance on the future low carbon growth and sustainable development, as well as to prioritize future financial flows not only from the budget of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MOEPP) but also from the budgets of the other sectors as well (economy, transport etc.)
The role of the MOEPP is to provide legislative and strategic framework for coherent climate change mitigation and adaptation policies (integrated in the future Law on Climate Action and the Long Term Climate Strategy). However the implementation of those policies and measures is not solely competence of the MOEPP, but it requires joint, focused and coordinated action from various stakeholders, supported by CSOs.
I would underline that the balance between the requirements of the European legislation for providing credible and accurate data and their transparent reporting (contained primarily in the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation, the Divided Responsibilities Regulation and in the Emission Trading Directive) and integrated climate action and low-carbon growth policies (which depend on many stakeholders in the society) is a real challenge not only for the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning.
In this regard, if we look at the numbers and compare the targets defined in the existing INDCs for the implementation of the Paris Agreement (11330 Gg in 2030) and the GHG emissions in 2016 (7500 Gg,), it is clear that there is a downward trend mainly due to the lower coal production. However our goal is the review this commitments and to define new, more ambitious ones, which are being integrated in the new strategic documents related to energy (including transport), and which will be our new national commitments. These more ambitious goals will also be part of the new revised INDCs to the implementation of the Paris Agreement. However in order to achieve these goals, a long-term, coherent policy and integrated financial support for the implementation of the measures mentioned above will be needed.
Due to all this it is clear that a joint, coordinated and directed pressure is very much needed in order to achieve the joint goals based on science.
Maybe we need a GREEN PACT???