Sustainable Development Goals & Enhanced National Determined Contributions Synergies and Trade-offs
On 10.09.2020 an online workshop as part of the project: "Preparing of Enhanced National Determined Contributions for Climate Change in the framework of the Climate Promise Initiative supported by UNDP, took place. Participants closely related to the sector took active participation on the presentation.
The presentation was prepared by Prof. Dr. Natasa Markovska and MSc Vladimir Gjorgjievski which stated that a clear map of the synergies and trade-offs between national climate change mitigation actions (NDCs) and the sustainable development goals (SDGs) is key for making informed policy decisions.
The goal of the workshop was to present a methodology for identifying the synergies and trade-offs between national enhanced NDC and SDGs. In the case of the Republic of North Macedonia, the links between 63 national climate change mitigation actions (enhanced NDC) and 15 SDGs were identified using the SDG Climate Action Nexus (SCAN) tool. To achieve this, the national enhanced NDC was first translated into the terminology recognized by the SCAN tool. Then, using the SCAN tool, the synergies and trade-offs between each of the 63 measures and 15 SDGs were identified by selecting from a pool of 982 possible links and determining which links are relevant on a national level. Nevertheless, the work went beyond pure identification and also provided a methodology for quantification of the synergies and trade-offs (Quantified SCAN – Q-SCAN). The state-of-the-art scientific literature was used to develop the methodology for this quantification, having in mind that it should be simple enough that it enables wide engagement of various stakeholders. The process involved (1) weighting each synergy and trade-offs based on expert judgement and (2) scoring the identified links using algebraic operations which aggregate the previously defined weights. The methodology was separately applied to 8 sectors (Electricity & heat, Buildings, Transport, Waste, Industry, Agriculture, Forestry and General). The results were given as graphs with qualitative and quantitative information on the synergies and trade-offs between the national enhanced NDC and the SDGs for all sectors, as well as the overall impacts of the enhanced NDC on the realization of each SDG.
The video recording (on Macedonian) from the webinar, can be found on this link.