North Macedonia has signed (in 2015) and ratified (in 2017) the Paris Agreement and submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions for Climate Change (INDC) to the UNFCC with the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MoEPP) as the designated National Focal Point to the UNFCCC.
The Macedonian initial NDC intended to push forward the country’s contribution to the global efforts for GHG emissions reduction through reducing the CO2 emissions with dominant share of the sectors energy supply, buildings and transport. Since the ratification, MoEPP has been putting efforts to adapt the country’s NDC to the ever-dynamic global changes, and with the support of the UNDP and its Climate Promise initiative, MoEPPP is preparing to enhance Macedonian NDC and broadens the scoop of its mitigation. The enhanced NDC (eNDC) will consider crosscutting areas: gender, various co-benefits; private sector engagement and SDGs linkages into its mitigation plans both in energy and non-energy sectors. The eNDC also meant as a step forward towards the alignment with the EU ambitious Green Deal for making Europe the first climate neutral continent by 2050.
The COVID-19 outbreak has led to dramatic changes worldwide and presents an unprecedented challenge on many levels; food crisis, border closures, labor issues, and more. A global socio-economic disruption is therefore inevitable. The pandemic becoming one of the worst pandemics in recent history with more than 220 effected countries, including North Macedonia. The pandemic deepens pre-existing inequalities, exposing vulnerabilities in social, political and economic systems which are in turn amplifying the impacts of the pandemic in North Macedonia and forced the country to come up with a swift respond to the pandemic in order to curb and minimize the impact of the pandemic nationwide.
UNDP in North Macedonia reacted immediately toward the situation and took the initiative to conduct a rapid analysis to capture the socio-economic impacts and co-benefits of the Macedonian enhanced NDC targets/actions with taken into consideration the Covid-19 global pandemic in order to propose recommendations for balancing social, economic and environmental considerations for the Macedonian policy makers. UNDP in North Macedonia has hired a Canada based research institute, DS Institute, to do the analysis.
The rapid analysis shows that the measures put forward by the Macedonian government to reduce the economic impacts of the pandemic are likely aligned to also support the low-carbon transition plan. These measures, although put in place to deal with the COVID-19 crisis, can contribute directly and indirectly to the implementation of the low-carbon transition plan.
The analysis also noted that it is possible to link some of the measures taken for the Covid-19 pandemic and the post-Covid economic recovery plan with a number of measures of the enhanced NDCs since no less than a dozen e-NDCs are indeed directly part of the post-COVID economic recovery plan planned by the Macedonian government. The energy sector accounts for nearly 70% of these measures, with one measure in transport and the other eight in the energy production sector. One of the NDCs dedicated to the agricultural sector and another dedicated to the waste management sector will also directly contribute to the post-COVID recovery plan, as will the adoption of a new policy to support SMEs in the energy transition sector.