Vaska Mojsovska, in appearance in the program on Sitel television pointed out the problems with climate change with everyday examples for farmers who face spring frosts (eg snow in April and before that unusually warm weather) and because of that the crops freeze. Other problems caused by climate change include rains and hail, as well as droughts that strongly affect farmers. In years when the impact of climate change is more pronounced, new technologies, knowledge, education and awareness raising of agricultural producers are needed for adaptive measures to climate change. This is just one of the challenges faced by farmers in our country.
An even greater challenge for climate change is for women farmers. Although the effects of climate change are being felt by all, it is more than clear that climate change is exacerbating existing inequalities, as their effects are disproportionately falling on vulnerable categories, including women. Inequality is exacerbated by the fact that women have more low-paying jobs and the majority are unpaid family workers. Also, due to traditional alliances, they often do not have property on their own name, which makes it difficult for them to access loans, subsidies and support, so they end up as one of the most vulnerable populations to the effects of climate change. Socioeconomic inequality and other cultural factors are often directly related to the ability to mitigate the negative effects of climate change, which is why climate change has a greater negative impact on women.
In December 2020, UNDP conducted a study on gender and climate change that reflects major trends based on a collection of micro-narratives and individual experiences / stories. Through this research we managed to collect 1223 stories from respondents across the country that will be translated into policies at the national and local level. The following are three of a total of 1223 stories about the impact of climate change on agriculture.
You can read more about the micro-narrative research and the results obtained here.
Another problem faced by farmers occurs when there is more production and the market does not have enough power to absorb all agricultural products. It often happens that too much of one thing is produced so that it can not be sold even at a low price that does not compensate for the effort of the farmer, so in sometimes there are cases when the produced food is thrown away. A good solution here would be to establish control over the quantity produced or a mechanism to enable the export of surplus products, which is now lacking.
Recently, a national platform for online sales, e-farm, was created, which is a huge step forward in connecting producers with customers. But the question remains whether there is interest among buyers in our country for organic production. Very often we do not pay attention to the quality and only the price is seen. But, on the other hand, when a farmer wants to market the product as organic, he lacks legislation, standards and criteria as well as regular production control. While in more developed countries there is a growing interest in products with organic production and a healthy way of life.
So, the next step and a very big success would be to achieve foreign networking e.g. by expanding this platform or creating a new platform for a foreign market where organic and natural production is more valuable - for example growing hazelnuts for export. Growing hazelnuts is gaining momentum in our country. High demand and high price make hazelnuts very profitable to grow, and hazelnuts are mostly exported to Switzerland, Germany, Austria. The reason for the high demand for hazelnuts from these countries is the high demand that appears in the confectionery industry and the inability to replace the fruit.